Vici.org

Summary

10th-8th millennium BC Early Neolithic (mesolithic) settlement and megalithic sanctuary

Class:

  • Temple or sanctuary
  • visible
  • Location ± 0-5 m.
(see also PELAGIOS)

Identifiers:

Nearby

Göbekli Tepe [Goebekli]

Stone quarry

Images

Surroundings (Panoramio)

Annotation

Göbeklitepe predates Jericho. Late Pre Pottery Neolithic  [PPNA] B temple site dated to 9,500 BC abandoned when the water supply dried up. Göbekli Tepe - Potbelly Hill consists of series of megalithic structures. It was constructed by hunter-gatherer groups. The sanctuary was discovered in 1994 by Klaus Schmidt S1953-2014). Since then, annual excavation work has been conducted.

Sources:

  1. Klaus Schmidt - http://www.uf.uni-erlangen.de/?page_id=466
  2. Klaus Schmidt: Frühneolithische Tempel. Ein Forschungsbericht zum präkeramischen Neolithikum Obermesopotamiens. In: Mitteilungen der deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft 130, Berlin 1998, 17–49
  3. Klaus Schmidt: Zuerst kam der Tempel, dann die Stadt. Bericht zu den Grabungen am Gürcütepe und am Göbekli Tepe 1996–1999. In: Istanbuler Mitteilungen 50, 2000, p. 5–40
  4. Klaus Schmidt: Göbekli Tepe, Southeastern Turkey. A preliminary Report on the 1995–1999 Excavations. In: Palèorient CNRS Ed., Paris 26.2001,1, 45–54
  5. Göbekli Tepe Newsletter 1, 2014
  6. Klaus Schmidt, Göbekli Tepe: A Neolithic Site in Southeastern Anatolia, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Anatolia: (10,000-323 BCE) edited by Gregory McMahon and Sharon Steadman, 2011,  pp. 917-933
  7. Klaus Schmidt: Göbekli Tepe. Eine Beschreibung der wichtigsten Befunde, erstellt nach den Arbeiten der Grabungsteams der Jahre 1995–2007. in: Erste Tempel – Frühe Siedlungen. 12000 Jahre Kunst und Kultur. Ausgrabungen und Forschungen zwischen Donau und Euphrat, für ArchaeNova e. V. Heidelberg hrsg. von Klaus Schmidt. Isensee, Oldenburg 2009, pp. 187-223
  8. idem: Göbekli Tepe - The Stone Age Sanctuaries. New results of ongoing excavations with a special focus on sculptures and high reliefs, Documenta Praehistorica XXXVII, 2010 - https://www.researchgate.net/publication/270030960_Gobekli_Tepe_-_The_Stone_Age_Sanctuaries_New_results_of_ongoing_excavations_with_a_special_focus_on_sculptures_and_high_reliefs
  9. http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/prehistoric/gobekli-tepe.htm
  10. Klaus Schmidt: Göbekli Tepe – the Stone Age sanctuaries. New results of ongoing excavations with a special focus on sculptures and high reliefs. In: Documenta Praehistorica 37, 2010, p. 239–256
  11. Ömür Harmansah, Monuments and memory: Architecture and visual culture in ancient Anatolian history  - academia.edu
  12. Andrew Collins, Göbekli Tepe: Who Built It, When, and Why? A Preview to Genesis of the https://www.academia.edu/6603268          
  13. David Lewis-Williams and David Pearce,An Accidental revolution? Early Neolithic religion and economic change", Minerva, 17 #4 (July/August, 2006), pp. 29-31 - http://minervamagazine.co.uk/archive_pdfs/2006_Vol_17_04.pdf