Kaneš was inhabited constantly from the Chalcolithic period to Roman times


  • City
  • visible
  • Location ± 5-25 m.
(see also PELAGIOS)



Nesa - Kültepe, Kaneš, Kanesh

Citadel of Kanesh

Kanesh -Temple

Temple in the Upper city.

Kanesh - Lower Town-Karum

Nesa - Kültepe, Kaneš, Kanesh

Roman Bridge

Roman Bridge


Surroundings (Panoramio)


Kanesh consists of a tell, the actual Kültepe ( it means in Turkish Ash Hill) and a lower town - an Assyrian settlement. Its name in Assyrian texts from the 20th century BC was Kaneš (spoken: Kah nesh). Later Hittites called  Anisa or  Neša, or occasionally Anisa.


1. J Mellaart, Anatolian Chronology in the Early and Middle Bronze Age, 1957, Anatolian Studies, vol.7, pp.55-88
2. Seton Lloyd, Early Ancient People of Anatolia, london 1967 pp.45-56
3. idem, Ancient Turkey. A Traveler;s History, London 1989 pp.24-27
4. Trevor Bryce, The Kingdom of the Hittites, rev, ed, 2005
5. Tahsin Özgüç, The Palaces and Temples of Kultepe-Kanis/Nesa, Turk Tarih Kurumu Basimevi, 1999

Subartu XXXV KIM 1 Proceedings of the 1 st  Kültepe International Meeting Kültepe 19-23 September, 2013, Studies dedicated to Kutlu Emre, Brepols Publishers 2015,