Modern Bodrum, harbour city in Caria. It was famous for the Mausoleum, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. The mausoleum was built by the Hekatomnid dynasty which ruled Halicarnassus in the 4th century BC. The historian Herodotus was born in Halicarnassus.
The site is now occupied in part by the modern town; but the ancient walls can still be traced round nearly all their circuit, and the position of several of the temples, the theatre, and other public buildings can be fixed with certainty.1