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Summary

Baths of Caracalla, built between AD 212 and 216, during the reign of the Emperor Caracalla

Class:

  • Baths
  • visible
  • Exact location
(see also PELAGIOS)

Identifiers:

Nearby

Saints Nereus and Achilleus, Rome

Santi Nereo e Achilleo - fourth century basilica church.

Rome, Aurelian Wall

Third-century city wall

Rome

OmnesViae import TPPlace1203

Umbilicus urbis Romae - Mundus

Navel of the City of Rome

Images

Surroundings (Panoramio)

Annotation

The Baths of Caracalla (Italian: Terme di Caracalla) were built between AD 212 and 216, during the reign of the Emperor Caracalla.  Records show that the idea for the baths were drawn up by Septimius Severus, and merely completed or opened in the lifetime of Caracalla.

The bath complex covered approximately 25 hectares (33 ac). The bath building was 228 metres (750 ft) long, 116 metres (380 ft) wide and 38.5 metres (125 ft) estimated height, and could hold an estimated 1,600 bathers.

The baths consisted of a central 55.7 by 24 metre (183x79 ft) frigidarium (cold room) under three 32.9 meter (108 ft) high groin vaults, a double pool tepidarium (medium), and a 35 meter (115 ft) diameter caldarium (hot room), as well as two palaestras (gyms where wrestling and boxing was practised). The north end of the bath building contained a natatio or swimming pool. The natatio was roofless with bronze mirrors mounted overhead to direct sunlight into the pool area. The entire bath building was on a 6 metre (20 ft) high raised platform to allow for storage and furnaces under the building.

The libraries were located in exedrae on the east and west sides of the bath complex. The entire north wall of the complex was devoted to shops. The reservoirs on the south wall of the complex were fed with water from the Marcian Aqueduct.

The baths remained in use until the 6th century when the complex was taken by the Ostrogoths during the Gothic War, at which time the hydraulic installations were destroyed. 1

References

  1. Wikipedia: Baths of Caracalla

De Thermen van Caracalla (Latijn:Thermae Antoninianae) zijn gebouwd door de keizers Septimius Severus en zijn zoon Caracalla tussen 206 en 216. Met een oppervlakte van ongeveer 11 ha was het het grootste thermencomplex tot dan toe en bood plaats aan 1600 gasten.

Keizer Septimius Severus begon in 206 met de voorbereidingen van de bouw. Zijn zoon Caracalla voltooide het centrale gebouw waar later de keizers Elagabalus en Alexander Severus de buitenste gedeeltes en de decoraties voltooiden. Caracalla opende het complex in 216 met de naam Thermae Antoninianae. Antoninianae is afgeleid van de naam Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Pius Felix Augustus, die Caracalla kreeg toen zijn vader zich adopteerde in de familie van Marcus Aurelius.

De thermen van Caracalla zijn uitzonderlijk vanwege de omvang, locatie en de mogelijkheden die het haar gasten bood, maar vooral ook om de decoraties. De thermen hadden een oppervlakte van 120.000 m². Het complex bestond naast de baden uit twee bibliotheken, winkels, kantoren, tuinen, terrassen, de waterreservoirs en een speciaal aangelegd aquaduct. Het aquaduct was een directe vertakking van de centrale lijn naar Rome1

Zie ook

the Guardian: Restoration of Roman tunnels gives a slave's eye view of Caracalla baths

References

  1. wikipedia: Baths_of_Caracalla