The low mudbrick mound between modern Eilat and Aqaba known today as Tell el-Kheleifeh was first surveyed in 1933 by Fritz Frank, who identified Tell el- Kheleifeh with biblical Ezion-geber. The site was excavatedv between 1938 and 1940 by Nelson Glueck expedition. The three seasons of excavations yielded the five major occupational periods, which he dated between the Xth and Vth centuries BC.
- Nelson Glueck: The First Campaign at Tell el-Kheleifeh (Ezion-Geber). In: Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 71, 1938 , pp. 3-17.
- idem: The Second Campaign at Tell el-Kheleifeh (Ezion-Geber: Elath). In: Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 75, 1939, pp. 8-22
- idem: The Third Season of Excavation at Tell el-Kheleifeh. In: Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 79, 1940, pp. 2-18.
- idem:Tell el-Kheleifeh. In: Michael Avi-Yonah, E. Stern (eds.): Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land. The Israel Exploration Society and Massada Press, Jerusalem 1977, pp. 713-717.
- Gary D. Pratico: Nelson Glueck's 1938–1940 Excavations at Tell el-Kheleifeh: A Reappraisal. In: Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research T. 259, 1985
- Fritz Frank:“Aus Der 'Araba. I. Reiseberichte.” Zeitschrift Des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins (1878-1945), vol. 57, no. 3/4, 1934, pp. 191–280. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/27930069.
- Philip J. King: Jeremiah: An Archaeological Companion, Westminster John Knox Press 1993, pp. 49-53