Vici.org

Summary

Tell Bia (Tuttul)

Class:

  • Vicus or canabae
  • visible
  • Location ± 0-5 m.
(see also PELAGIOS)

Identifiers:

Nearby

Tuttul, Dagan Temple

Temple of Dagan at Tuttul

Callinicum ( Al-Raqqah )

Callinicum

Battle of Callinicum (531)

Battle of Callinicum (531)

Qasr al-Banat

Qasr al-Banat

Images

Surroundings (Panoramio)

Annotation

Tuttul was a religious centre which was strategically located so it could control the junction of the River Balikh in Syria with the Euphrate.The first urban settlement existed in the second half of the third millennium BC. Tuttul with its enclosure was provided with a fortified walls and a gate with a tower - bastion.

See:

  1. Bi'a, (Tell), w: Piotr Bienkowski, Alan Millard (eds.), Dictionary of the Ancient Near East, British Museum Press, London 2000, p. 52.
  2. Akkermans, Peter M. M. G.; Schwartz, Glenn M. (2003), The archaeology of Syria. From complex hunter-gatherers to early urban societies (ca. 16,000–300 BC), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 255–256,
  3. Abraham Malamat,, Mari and the Bible, Leiden: Brill 1998, p. 92
  4. http://www.uni-kiel.de/kibidano/receive/kibidano_kibpic_00004998?lang=en
  5. Manfred Krebernik,  Tall Bi‘a/Tuttul-II. Die altorientalischen Schriftfunde, WVDOG 100, Saarbrücken 2001
  6. www.historyfiles.co.uk/KingListsMiddEast/SyriaTuttul.htm
  7. Strommenger, Eva, Kay Kohlmeyer, Muhammad Miftah, and Franciszek M. Stȩpniowski. Tall Bi'A/Tuttul. Saarbrücken: Saarbrücker Druckerei und Verlag, 1998.
  8. Marco Bonechi, On the Old Babylonian Tuttul Tablets, N.A.B.U. 1998 n°3 (Septembre) , pp. 78-79 - https://www.academia.edu/5256419