Neolithic settlement which continued up to medieaval ages. Pitura? Elipru?


  • Vicus or canabae
  • visible
  • Location ± 0-5 m.
(see also PELAGIOS)



Zephyrion [Mersin]

Zephyrion during the Ancient Greek period. Modern Mersin. Zephyrium,Hadrianopolis.

Mersin Archaeological Museum

Soloi Pompeipolis

Soli Pompeipolis - Cilicia

Soli Theatre - Pompeiopolis

Soli Theatre - Pompeiopolis


Surroundings (Panoramio)


Yümüktepe - Mersin was occupied from Early Neolithic to the Middle Ages. The site was excavated by JohnGarstang in 1936-1949 and 1952. The origins of the earliest settlement dates back to the eight millenium BC. In the Middle-Late Chalcolithic period the occupations of the site ceased. The new settlement was founded in in Early Bronze Age  ca. 2800 BC.


  2. Seton Lloyd: Ancient Turkey, Tubitak, p. 21
  3. Eric Jean, The Hittites at Mersin-Yumuktepe, BYZAS 4, 2006, pp. 311-332 -
  4. John Garstang, Prehistoric Mersin, Yümük Tepe in Southern Turkey: the Neilson Expedition in Cilicia. London: Oxford at the Clarendon Press 1953
  5. Valentina Caracuta, Girolamo Fiorentino,  Milena Primavera: Archaeobotanical analysis at Mersin-Yumuktepe: food habits from neolithic to medieval period, HANE / M – Vol. XIV(History of the Ancient Near East / Monographs), Padova 2014, pp. 85-94 -
  6. Emma Baysal, Beadwork in a Basket: An Ornamental Item from the Final Halaf Level of Mersin Yumuktepe. ADALYA XIX, 2016, pp. 17-29
  7. Çiler Altinbilek-Algul, "Chipped Stone Industry of Yumuktepe: Preliminary Results from 'the Early Neolithic' Phase", Anatolia Antiqua XIX, 2009, pp. 13-25
  8. Giulio Palumbi, I. Caneva, A. Pasquino: The Ubaid Impact on the Periphery: Mersin-Yumuktepe during the Fifth Millennium BC, in C Marro eds. After the Ubaid: Interpreting Change from the Caucasus to Mesopotamia at the Dawn of Civilization (4500-3500 BC), Varia Anatolica XXVII, Paris 2012, pp. 353-389
  9. Federico Manuelli, Local Imitations and Foreign Imported Goods. Some Problems and New Questions on Red Lustrous Wheel-Made Ware in the Light of the New Excavations of the Southern Step Trench at Yumuktepe/Mersin, Altoriental. Forsch., Akademie Verlag, 36 (2009) 2, pp. 251–267
  10. Federico Manuelli et all., A Comparative Study of Pottery from Mersin-Yumuktepe and Arslantepe, Turkey, in: Archaeological Discovery, 2015, vol.3, pp. 15-25
  11. idem: Yumuktepe: The Late Bronze Age in: A Journey through nine thousand Years, Yayınları, Istanbul 2010, pp. 57-64