Also Tushhan, or Tušhan. Ziyarettepe.


  • City
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  • Exact location
(see also PELAGIOS)



Ziyaret Tepe

Ancient Settlement in Diyarbakır Province, Turkey. Occupied nearly continuously for 2,400 years from the Early Bronze Age (c. 3,000 BCE), during the late Iron Age (c. 900-600 BCE) Ziyaret Tepe was an important urban centre on the northern edge of the

Kenan Tepe

Kenan Tepe

Yenice Höyük

Yenice Yanı Höyüğü - Multi level settlement


OmnesViae import TPPlace2607


Surroundings (Panoramio)


The modern site of Ziyaret Tepe in located on the Tigris River ( Diyarbakir province in southern Turkey). Inhabited as early as the Early Bronze Age i.e from ca 3300 BC, it flourished during the Late Assyrian period, ca 882-611 BC, when was known as the Assyrian city of Tušhan. As the site that guarded the northern border of the Assyrian Empire was imported administrative centre and center for exploiting the raw material as timber, stones, and metals of the Taurus Mountain.


  1. Güneydoğu Anadolu´da Assur Egemenliği, ArkeoAtlas 4, 2005, 58-61 -
  2. Andreas Schachner and Michael Roaf, The Bronze Age to Iron Age transition in the Upper Tigris Region: new information from Ziyaret Tepe and Giricano. In: A. Çilingiroğlu – G. Darbyshire (Hrsg.), Anatolian Iron Ages 5 , London 2005, pp. 115-124 -
  3. Ömür Harmanşah, Cities and the Shaping of Memory in the Ancient Near East, Cambridge University Press 2013, pp. 79-80
  4. Simo Parpola, Cuneiform Texts From Ziyaret Tepe (Ancient Tushan) 2002-2003, State Archives of Assyria Bulletin, vol. 16, 2006
  5. Timothy Matney, "Preliminary Report on the First Season of Work at Ziyaret Tepe in the Diyarbakir Province" Anatolica vol. 24 - 1998, pp. 7-30
  6. idem, Preliminary Report on Survey at Ziyaret Tepe (Diyarbakır Province), 1997" Araştırma Sonuçları Toplantısı 16(2) - 1999, pp. 255-266.
  7. idem "Surface and Subsurface Survey at Ziyaret Tepe, Diyarbakir Province, 1997-1998". In, N. Tuna, J. Öztürk (eds.), Ilısu ve Karkamış Baraj Gölleri Altında Kalacak Arkeolojik ve Kültür Varlıklarını Kurtarma Projesi 1998 Yılı Çalışmaları/ Salvage Project of the Archaeological Heritage of the Ilısu and Carchemish Dam Reservoirs Activities in 1998 Ankara: TAÇDAM 1999. pp. 297-33
  8. idem et L. Somers,"The Second Season of Work at Ziyaret Tepe in the Diyarbakir Province: Preliminary Report" Anatolica 25 -1999, pp. 203-219.
  9. T. Matney, "Second Preliminary Report on Survey at Ziyaret Tepe (Diyarbakır Province): Subsurface Mapping, 1998" Araştırma Sonuçları Toplantısı 17(2) - 2000, pp. 137-148.
  10. idem et A. Bauer, "The Third Season of Archaeological Survey at Ziyaret Tepe, Diyarbakir Province, Turkey, 1999" Anatolica 26 - 200 119-128
  11. T. Matney, "Third Preliminary Report on Survey at Ziyaret Tepe (Diyarbakır Province): Subsurface Mapping, 1999" Araştırma Sonuçları Toplantısı 18(2) - 2001, pp. 37-44.
  12. T. Matney, M. Roaf, J. MacGinnis and H. McDonald, Archaeological Excavations at Ziyaret Tepe, 2000 and 2001" Anatolica 28 - 2002, pp. 47-89.
  13. Nadav Naʼaman, Ancient Israel and Its Neighbors: Interaction and Counteraction : Collected Essays, Eisenbrauns 2005. p. 2