Issus (Hittite Izziya, Greek ᾽Ισσóς): town, best known for the famous battle in November 333 BCE, in which Alexander the Great defeated Darius III Codomannus.
According to Strabo After Aegaeae, one comes to Issus, a small town with a mooring-place, and to the Pinarus River. It was here that the struggle between Alexander and Dareius occurred; and the gulf is p357called the Issic Gulf. On this gulf are situated the city Rhosus, the city Myriandrus, Alexandreia, Nicopolis, Mopsuestia, and Pylae, as it is called, which is the boundary between the Cilicians and the Syrians. In Cilicia is also the temple and oracle of the Sarpedonian Artemis; and the oracles are delivered by persons who are divinely inspired 1.
- ↑The Geography of Strabo, Book XIV, Chapter 5 , 19 - http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Strabo/14E*.htm