The Ancient Aigeira - Aegyra originaly named Hyperesia Aigeira - Aegyra as recorded Home. Hyperesia was inhabited in the third millenium BC. In Homeric time she belonged to the Agamemnion kingdom1. Also mentioned by Pausanias VII. 26. 1-92 and Polybius IV. 573. Pausanias wrote that there were : the temple dedicated to Artemis and one dedicated to Apollon, as well as statues of Agamemnon, Ifigeneia, Athena, Asclepius of Serapis and Isis4.
- Birgitta Eder et Georg Ladstaetter: Encyclopedia of Ancient History, sv. Aigeira, Malden, MA : Wiley-Blackwell, 2013.
- Homer: The Iliad II
- Pausanias, Description of Greece, VII. 26. 1-9
- Polybius, Histories IV.57
- ↑Those who held the strong city of Mycenae, rich Corinth and Cleonae; Orneae, Araethyrea, and Licyon, where Adrastus reigned of old; Hyperesia, high Gonoessa, and Pellene; Aegium and all the coast-land round about Helice; these sent a hundred ships under the command of King Agamemnon, son of Atreus. His force was far both finest and most numerous, and in their midst was the king himself, all glorious in his armour of gleaming bronze--foremost among the heroes, for he was the greatest king, and had most men under him
- ↑Homer in his poem calls the city Hyperesia.52 Its present name was given it while the Ionians were still dwelling there, and the reason for the name was as follows. A hostile army of Sicyonians was about to invade their territory. As they thought themselves no match for the Sicyonians, they collected all the goats they had in the country, and gathering them together they tied torches to their horns, and when the night was far advanced they set the torches alight.
- ↑The city of Aegira lies on the Peloponnesian coast of the Corinthian gulf, between the cities of Aegium and Sicyon, upon some strong and inaccessible heights, facing towards Parnassus and that district of the opposite coast, and standing about seven stades back from the sea. At the mouth of the river which flows past this town Dorimachus dropped anchor under cover of night, having at length obtained favourable weather for crossing. He and Alexander, accompanied by Archidamus the son of Pantaleon and the main body of the Aetolians, then advanced towards the city along the road leading from Aegium. But the deserter, with twenty of the most active men, having made his way by a shorter cut than the others over the cliffs where there was no road, owing to his knowledge of the locality, got into the city through a certain water-course and found the guards of the gate still asleep. Having killed them while actually in their beds, and cut the bolts of the gates with their axes, they opened them to the Aetolians. Having thus surprised the town, they behaved with a conspicuous want of caution, which eventually saved the people of Aegira, and proved the destruction of the Aetolians themselves. They seemed to imagine that to get within the gates was all there was to do in occupying an enemy's town; and accordingly acted as I shall now describe.
- ↑Pausanias VII