Neolithic and Hittite settlement. Its Hittite name is unknown.


  • City
  • visible
  • Location ± 0-5 m.
(see also PELAGIOS)



Alacahöyük - Alacahüyük

Museum of Alacahöyük

Alacahöyük - Alacahüyük

Royal Necropolis

Alacahöyük - Alacahüyük


Alacahöyük - Alacahüyük, Sfinx Gate

Sphinx Gate at the Ancient Hittite Town of Alaca Huyuk.


Surroundings (Panoramio)


The hill at Alacahöyük was first described by W.C. Hamilton in 1835 and this year started the first excavations. Alacahöyük was an important centre of the fourth millenium BC. The ethnic identity of Alaca’s preliterate inhabitants is uncertain, it is most plausible to assign them to the non-Indo-European population that lived there before  the arrival of Hittites.


  1. Kurt Bittel: Die Hethiter - Die Kunst Anatoliens vom Ende des 3. bis Anfang des 2. Jahrtausends vor Christus. C. H. Beck München 1976, Ipp. 30–48
  2. Maciej Popko: Zippalanda and Ankuwa once more. Journal of the American Oriental Society 120/3, 2000, 445-448.
  3. Piotr Taracha, The Iconographic Program of the Sculptures of  Alacahöyük, Journal of Ancient Near Eastern Religions, 11 , 2011, pp. 132-147
  4. Joost Blasweiler, The Kalehisar mountain and the deities of Arinna, the city of the Sun Goddess, Arnhem (nl) 2017 –  1 Anatolia in the bronze age -